Collaboration in practice: developing a repertoire of extended techniques for the Kingma System alto and bass flute

Rees, C. (2014) Collaboration in practice: developing a repertoire of extended techniques for the Kingma System alto and bass flute. Doctoral thesis, Royal College of Music.

Text (final version)
Rees, Carla - PhD.pdf - Other
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (7MB) | Preview


This doctoral research explores the benefits of the Kingma System as applied to the alto and bass flute. It demonstrates each instrument’s potential for the use of extended techniques and the way in which these techniques are applied to the repertoire. The research takes places within the context of my own personal practice as a recitalist and chamber musician, and is represented through recordings of a selection of the repertoire and a website for each instrument, as well as a written commentary. The discussion of repertoire focuses on case studies selected from over 75 works composed for me using these Kingma System instruments. These case studies are presented through recordings, as well as in a detailed discussion of the use of specific aspects of the instruments’ capabilities, including multiphonics, microtonality, alternate fingerings, tone colour, articulation and other extended techniques. The approaches of different composers regarding the notation of these techniques within the repertoire are also explored, and the practical information arising from these case studies is presented as a reference guide for composers and performers in website form. These websites can be found at and, and include multimedia demonstrations, fingering charts and notational examples. Much of this information is being made available for the first time, and includes the most extensive published selection of multiphonics and trill fingerings for the alto and bass flute. This is also the first survey of extended techniques that is specifically dedicated to instruments enabled by the Kingma System.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alto flute, bass flute, Kingma system, extended techniques
Subjects: Musical Instruments
Division: Performance
Depositing User: Ms Katharine Liley
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2019 15:12
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 15:12

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item