Longitudinal associations between short-term, repeated, and sustained arts engagement and well-being outcomes in older adults

Tymoszuk, U. and Perkins, R. and Spiro, N. and Williamon, A. and Fancourt, D. (2019) Longitudinal associations between short-term, repeated, and sustained arts engagement and well-being outcomes in older adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. pp. 1-32. ISSN 1079-5014 (print) 1758-5368 (online)

Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated whether frequency of receptive arts engagement over 10 years contributes to experienced, evaluative and eudaimonic well-being in older adults. Methods: We used repeated data of 3,188 respondents from waves 2 to 7 (2004/2005-2014/2015) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We examined longitudinal associations between short-term (frequent engagement at one wave), repeated (frequent engagement at 2-3 waves), and sustained (frequent engagement at 4-6 waves) arts engagement and experienced, evaluative and eudaimonic well-being. We fitted linear and logistic regression models adjusted for baseline well-being and a number of sociodemographic, economic, health and social engagement factors. Results: In the fully-adjusted models, short-term engagement was not longitudinally associated with well-being, but repeated engagement with the theatre/concerts/opera and museums/galleries/exhibitions was associated with enhanced eudaimonic well-being and sustained engagement with these activities was associated with greater experienced, evaluative and eudaimonic well-being.

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