Self-efficacy as a predictor of musical performance quality

Ritchie, L. and Williamon, A. (2012) Self-efficacy as a predictor of musical performance quality. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 6 (4) pp. 334-340. ISSN 1931-3896 (print) 1931-390X (online)


Two studies explored the relationship between self-efficacy for performing and the assessed quality of a musical performance. Study 1 considered how university music students' self-efficacy for performing, practice time, and self-regulated learning related to assessed performance quality. A stepwise linear regression analysis showed self-efficacy as the only significant predictor, accounting for 10% of the variance in assessors' quality ratings. Study 2 examined music conservatory students and included students' self-efficacy for performing, self-reports of practice time, and self-rating of their overall level of performance skill. Results showed self-efficacy for performing accounted for 17% of the variance in the assessor ratings and, together with students' self-ratings of their overall level of performance skill, explained 30% of the variance. In both studies, only self-efficacy predicted students' self-ratings of performance quality (accounting for 11% of the variance in Study 1 and 25% in Study 2). Also in both studies, time spent practicing was not a significant predictor of performance quality, neither as an estimate of practice time in the week before the performance nor as the accumulation of practice since the beginning of participants' musical tuition.

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